Chapter 35 Animations   Study Guide

Unit 6: Plant Form and Function Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Review
  1. Plants, like multicellular animals, have composed of different , which are in turn composed of .
  2. The basic organs of vascular plants are , , and , organized into a system and a system.
    • A root the plant to soil, absorbs minerals and , and often organic nutrients.
    • A stem consists of alternating , the points at which leaves are attached, and .
    • The leaf consists of a flattened and a stalk called a .
      • Each leaf is composed of several tissues.
      • Many leaves have been modified to perform specialized functions.
  3. Most plants have three tissue systems: , , and .
    • The dermal tissue system consists of the and is often covered with a waxy .
    • The vascular tissue system transports materials within the plant.
    • Ground tissue includes cells specialized for functions such as , , and .
  4. are regions of cell growth.
    • meristems are located at the tips of and in the buds of shoots where growth occurs to lengthen the plant.
    • meristems add thickness to stems and roots of plants through growth.
    • Secondary growth occurs in the cambium and cambium of roots and stems.
    • The alternation of and wood give rise to growth rings in trunks.
    Review: Roots, Stems, and Leaves.
    Review: Primary and Secondary Growth.
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